Food In Turkmenistan

Welcome to the Gastronomical Journey: Discovering Food in Turkemanistan

If you’ve decided to venture into the unique culinary landscape of Turkmenistan, you’re in for an experience like no other. Turkmenistan, a largely unknown culinary destination, boasts an array of hearty, flavorful dishes that’ll leave you begging for more. From the bustling bazaars of Ashgabat to the serene dunes of the Karakum desert, every corner of this country has something to tantalize your taste buds.

Introduction to Turkmen Cuisine

Turkmenistan’s gastronomy is heavily influenced by the nomadic lifestyle of its people, its agricultural produce, and its Silk Road history. You’ll notice a significant usage of mutton, beef, chicken, grains, dairy, and an array of local vegetables and fruits. The flavors are generally simple but profound, emphasizing the ingredients’ freshness and quality.

Street Food Culture

Nowhere is the vibrancy of Turkmen food culture more apparent than in its street food scene. The bustling streets of Ashgabat and other cities bring together a fusion of flavors, aromas, and culinary traditions. A walk down these streets is a must to get a feel for the pulse of Turkmenistan’s gastronomy.


Begin your street food journey with Pishme, a popular Turkmen snack similar to donuts. They are deep-fried yeast dough balls, sometimes filled with meat or pumpkin, and they are an absolute delight. You’ll find Pishme at most street food stalls, especially during breakfast hours.


Ichlekli is another street food delicacy. It’s a closed pie stuffed with minced meat, onion, and potatoes. The thin and crispy exterior paired with the savory filling makes for a scrumptious quick bite. Each street vendor has their version of Ichlekli, making it a unique experience every time you try it.

Traditional Turkmen Dishes

Moving beyond street food, traditional Turkmen dishes offer a unique blend of robust flavors and techniques honed over centuries.


Plov, also known as Pilaf, is a staple in Turkmen cuisine, typically cooked with rice, carrots, and meat, often garnished with raisins or garlic. Each family has their secret recipe for Plov, making this dish an exciting discovery at every meal.


Manti are steamed dumplings filled with minced meat, often lamb or beef, mixed with spices and onions. Eaten with a dollop of sour cream on top, Manti is a delightful balance of flavors and textures that will have you craving for more.


Shurpa, a nutritious and hearty soup made from lamb and an assortment of vegetables, is perfect for those chilly desert nights. This soul-warming dish is a perfect representation of Turkmenistan’s heartwarming hospitality.

Desserts and Beverages

No culinary journey is complete without exploring the country’s sweet treats and unique beverages.


Chak-Chak is a classic Turkmen dessert made from deep-fried doughnut-like balls stuck together with honey and often sprinkled with nuts. Its sweet, crunchy texture makes it an irresistible treat to end your meal.


Ayran is a popular refreshing beverage, especially during Turkmenistan’s hot summers. It’s a yogurt-based drink, sometimes lightly salted, and is said to have numerous health benefits. It pairs perfectly with spicy or hearty dishes.


No matter the time of the day, you will always be offered tea in Turkmenistan. Tea is an integral part of their hospitality, and it’s a perfect companion for those fascinating conversations with locals. Don’t miss out on trying the local black and green teas.

Food Etiquette in Turkmenistan

Just as important as the food itself are the customs and traditions surrounding meals in Turkmenistan. Meals are a communal affair and are generally accompanied by a round of tea and conversation. Remember, it’s a common practice to accept the food with your right hand, and it’s polite to finish everything on your plate.

Local Markets and Bazaars

Want to explore the heart of Turkmenistan’s culinary scene? Look no further than the bustling local markets and bazaars! These places are bursting with vibrant colors, fragrances, and the chatter of eager sellers and buyers. They offer an authentic peek into the daily lives of the locals and are an absolute must-visit for every food enthusiast.

Altyn Asyr Bazaar

The largest market in Turkmenistan, Altyn Asyr Bazaar, also known as Taze Jygyldyk or “New Yigidi,” is a paradise for food lovers. Here you can find a myriad of fruits, vegetables, spices, and dried fruits. Don’t forget to buy some “Gok Chai” (green tea), a staple in every Turkmen household.

Russian Bazaar

The Russian Bazaar in Ashgabat, also known as the Gulistan Market, is another place where you can immerse yourself in Turkmen food culture. The bazaar has a designated food section where vendors sell fresh produce, local sweets, cheeses, and even homecooked dishes. It’s a great place to taste local food and observe how Turkmen dishes are prepared.

Regional Delicacies

Turkmenistan’s diverse regions offer unique dishes that are worth trying. The people’s culinary habits and food preparation styles vary based on their regional location, making for an exciting food journey throughout the country.

Balkan Region

The Balkan region is known for its seafood dishes due to its proximity to the Caspian Sea. One of the most famous dishes here is sturgeon kebab, typically served with a side of fresh, tangy salad and locally baked bread. It’s a treat not to be missed.

Lebap Region

The eastern Lebap region, with the Amu Darya river’s fertile lands, offers plenty of unique dishes. Don’t miss out on “Dograma,” a traditional dish made from boiled mutton and flatbread. The ingredients are mixed by hand, giving it a unique, tender texture.

Eating Out in Turkmenistan

Restaurants in Turkmenistan offer a blend of local and international cuisines. However, it’s the local dishes that truly shine. Be prepared for an abundance of meat, rice, and vegetables prepared in ways that bring out their natural flavors.

Ashgabat’s Dining Scene

The capital city, Ashgabat, has a variety of restaurants offering local Turkmen cuisine. Whether it’s the modern “Nisa” restaurant with its fusion of Turkmen and international dishes or the authentic “Altyn Dan” serving traditional food, there’s something to suit every palate. If you’re feeling adventurous, try “Goşakdyr,” a unique dish made from the head of a sheep.

Embarking on a food journey through Turkmenistan is like diving into a treasure trove of flavors, textures, and aromas. This adventure is not just about discovering new dishes but also about understanding the country’s history, culture, and people. As you indulge in the rich, hearty dishes, sip on the sweet, fragrant tea, and enjoy the warm hospitality of the locals, you’ll find yourself falling in love with this captivating culinary landscape.