Food In Vanuatu

A Comprehensive Food Guide to Vanuatu

Welcome to the beautiful and culturally rich island nation of Vanuatu, located in the South Pacific Ocean. Not only does this paradise promise unforgettable sights, incredible adventures, and warm-hearted people, but it also offers a fascinating array of traditional foods that are every bit as diverse and enticing as the island’s landscapes. This guide will walk you through all the must-try dishes, dining spots, and culinary traditions of Vanuatu, ensuring that you savor every moment of your epicurean adventure. So, get ready to feast your senses and indulge in a gastronomical journey through Vanuatu’s incredible food scene.

Understanding Vanuatu Cuisine

Traditional Vanuatuan cuisine, also known as Ni-Vanuatu, relies heavily on root vegetables, coconuts, and fresh fish. The local food preparation methods are also quite unique – they often use earth ovens, also known as ‘lovo’, to cook their food. The earth oven is a pit dug into the ground, heated with hot stones, and used to slow cook food wrapped in banana leaves. This method of cooking imparts a delicious, smoky flavor to the food. It’s definitely worth experiencing a lovo feast during your trip.

Must-Try Traditional Dishes


Laplap is considered the national dish of Vanuatu and is a must-try for any visitor. It’s a savory pudding made from grated root vegetables like yam, taro, or manioc. This mixture is combined with coconut milk and optionally with meat or fish, then wrapped in banana leaves and slow-cooked in an earth oven until it turns into a dense cake-like dish. The result is a hearty, rich, and filling meal that will give you a true taste of Vanuatu’s unique flavors.


Tuluk is another popular Vanuatuan dish, somewhat similar to a meat-filled dumpling. It’s made by wrapping a mixture of grated taro root and a filling (usually minced pork) in a banana leaf, and then cooking it in an earth oven. The result is a delicacy with a soft, doughy exterior and a flavorful, juicy interior. Be sure to try this delicacy from one of the local markets in Vanuatu.

Cooked Fish with Coconut Cream

Given the island setting of Vanuatu, it’s no surprise that seafood plays a significant role in the local diet. This simple yet delicious dish features freshly caught fish cooked in aromatic coconut cream. Herbs and spices, along with lime juice, are added to enhance the flavor. The dish is usually served with rice or boiled yams, and it’s a fantastic way to enjoy the country’s bountiful seafood.

Where to Eat

Local Markets

For an authentic taste of Vanuatu, a visit to the local markets is a must. Port Vila, the capital city of Vanuatu, is home to several bustling markets where you can try an array of traditional dishes. The Mama’s Market is especially famous, and it’s here that you’ll find an array of foods like laplap, tuluk, and much more, all freshly prepared and incredibly delicious.

Restaurants and Cafes

If you prefer a more formal dining setting, there are numerous restaurants and cafes across Vanuatu that serve both traditional and international cuisine. Try out the Waterfront Bar and Grill in Port Vila for a lovely meal with a stunning sea view. For a taste of French-infused Vanuatuan cuisine, head to L’Houstalet Restaurant.

Food Festivals and Events

Food festivals are a significant part of Vanuatu’s culture, and they offer a unique way to experience the nation’s food. The Nalawan Festival, usually held in July, is one such event. Here, you can witness traditional food preparation techniques, sample an array of dishes, and even participate in cooking classes. The Port Vila Seafood Festival, held in May, is a seafood lover’s dream come true, with its wide array of seafood dishes, cooking demonstrations, and live music.

Exploring the Local Produce

While you’re on your culinary journey through Vanuatu, don’t miss out on the chance to explore the local markets for fresh produce. Vanuatu’s fertile volcanic soil yields a wide variety of fruits, vegetables, and spices that are intrinsic to the local cuisine. Here’s a look at some items you should keep an eye out for:


Taro is a root vegetable that forms a staple of the Vanuatuan diet. It is often used in dishes like laplap and tuluk. When shopping in the markets, you’ll likely come across multiple varieties of this vegetable, each with a slightly different flavor profile.


Breadfruit is a large, round fruit that, when cooked, has a texture similar to bread, hence its name. It’s incredibly versatile and can be used in a range of dishes from sweet to savory. Try some breadfruit chips or a breadfruit dessert if you get the chance!


No Vanuatuan dish is complete without a touch of coconut. Whether it’s the fresh meat, the milk, or the oil, coconut is extensively used in both cooking and baking. Its creamy texture and unique flavor make it a favourite among locals and tourists alike.


Vanuatu is also renowned for its high-quality vanilla. The warm climate and rich soil create the perfect conditions for growing this sought-after spice. You’ll find it used in a number of desserts and sweet dishes, and it’s definitely worth buying some to take back home.

Food Etiquette and Customs

Part of immersing yourself in the food culture of Vanuatu involves understanding and respecting their food etiquette and customs. Food is often considered a communal affair, and it’s common to see families sharing meals together. Also, the concept of ‘island time’ applies to meals as well, meaning that meals can be lengthy affairs with plenty of conversation. Don’t rush; take this time to enjoy your food and the company.

Tips for Food Safety

While the food in Vanuatu is delicious, it’s essential to follow some basic precautions to ensure food safety. Always ensure that your food is thoroughly cooked, especially seafood and meat. Drinking tap water isn’t recommended; always opt for bottled water or water that has been boiled or treated. Remember, it’s better to be safe than sorry!

That concludes our comprehensive guide to the food scene in Vanuatu. We hope this has whetted your appetite and got you excited to embark on your own culinary adventure in this Pacific Island paradise. From its unique traditional dishes to its vibrant markets and exciting food festivals, Vanuatu’s culinary landscape is as diverse and vibrant as its natural one.